Enalapril

How It Works:

Enapril 5 mg tablet relaxes blood vessels which lowers blood pressure and also reduces the workload of the heart.

Side Effects:

Orthostatic hypotension (low blood pressure), Hormone imbalance, Allergic reaction, Slow growth in children and teenagers, Cough, Diarrhoea, Dizziness, Fatigue, Headache, Heartburn, Lightheadedness, Muscle cramp

Used For:

Enapril 5 mg tablet is used in the treatment of increased blood pressure , heart failure, heart attack and diabetic kidney disease

Instructions:

  • Notify your doctor immediately if you are or planning to become pregnant during the administration of this medicine.
  • Notify the doctor if you have signs of recurrent infections (sore throat, chills, fever), these may be signs of neutropenia (unusually low number of cells called neutrophils, a type of white blood cells).   
  • Enalapril should be discontinued a day prior to any surgery.
  • Notify your doctor if you have rapid swelling of the lips, tongue, and throat that may affect breathing. This may occur in 1 out of 100 patients taking the Enalapril.
  • Your doctor may recommend a change in the lifestyle to lower your blood pressure. It may include
    • Consume fruits, vegetables, low-fat dairy products, and reduce saturated-total fat.
    • Reduce daily dietary sodium intake as much as possible, ideally to 65 mmol/day (1.5 g/day sodium or 3.8 g/day sodium chloride).
    • Regular aerobic physical activity (at least 30 minutes/day, most days of the week).
     
  • A persistent dry cough is common with Enalapril. Notify the doctor if the cough becomes bothersome. Do not take any cough medicines.
  • Enalapril may cause dizziness in the first few days of starting the treatment, especially after the first dose. To avoid this, take the Enalapril at bedtime, drink plenty of water and get up slowly after sitting or lying down.
  •   Avoid driving if you feel dizzy after consuming Enalapril.
  • Avoid taking potassium supplements and potassium-rich foods such as banana and broccoli.

Frequently Ask Questions:

Q. Is enalapril a beta blocker/statin/alpha blocker?
Enalapril belongs to a class of medication called as angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor

Q. Is enalapril same as ramipril?
Enalapril and ramipril belongs to same category of drugs with similar action, but their effect may vary upon individual response

Q. Is enalapril safe?
Enalapril is safe if used at prescribed doses for the prescribed duration as advised by your doctor

Q. What are enalapril/Envas 5/ Envas 2.5?
Enalapril belongs to a class of medication called as angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE)

Q. Is enalapril a generic drug?
Enalapril is a generic drug whereas Envas 5 and Envas 2.5 is a brand name

Q. Is enalapril a prodrug?
Yes, it forms an active metabolite called as enalapril at

Q. Can I take enalapril with ibubrufen/Tylenol/asprin/ Viagra/ magnesium/Cialis (tadalafil)/Cymbalta(duloxetin)?
Asprin increases antihypertensive effect of enalpril. Patients should follow doctors advice for its use

Q. Does enalapril cause weight gain/loss/cough/hair loose/ sleepiness/ blood sugar/ lowers heart rate?
Enalapril can cause weight loss/gain, cough, lower blood sugar. Patient should fallow doctor’s advice for possible side effects.
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