Timolol

How It Works:

Timolol belongs to a beta-blockers class of medication. It relaxes the blood vessels and reduced the blood pressure. It makes heart relax and pump blood at a slower rate for heart attack patients. In eye, it decreases fluid production and thus decreases pressure.

Side Effects:

decrease in blood pressure, dry eyes or discharge from eyes, feelings of depression, sensitivity to light, blurring of vision, impotence, worsening of heart failure, shortness of breath, nausea, irritation and pain in the eye, heart blocks, skin rash, vomiting, Common: For tablet-Weakness, low blood pressure, abnormal tingling, breathlessness such as in asthma, constipation, numbness or pain over any area of the skin, diarrhea, dizziness, abnormal sensation in eye or crusting in eyelids, cramp like pain on walking, swollen hands or feet.For eye drops-blurred vision, inflammation in the eye, sleeping difficulties or cough., headache, decrease in ability to urinate.For eye drops-Erosion of the cornea, itchiness, change in taste.Uncommon: For tablet- slow heartbeat

Used For:

Timolol is used to treat high blood pressure, stabilize irregular heartbeats (arrhythmias), prevent angina (heart pain) and improve survival chances post heart attack. It is also used to treat glaucoma, a condition wherein there is an increased pressure in the eye and this may lead to blindness. It is also used to treat headaches due to migraine.

Instructions:

  • It should not be taken by patients who are allergic to timolol or other beta-blockers or any of the other ingredients of the tablet.
  • Do not start or continue timolol, if you are taking any other medication for high blood pressure or heart condition or other beta blockers.
  • Avoid taking timolol, if you have asthma or other respiratory disease that causes breathing problems (eg. chronic bronchitis, emphysema, etc.).
  • Do not start or continue timolol, if your have diabetes, thyroid disorder, liver or kidney dysfunction or ulcers, pheochromocytoma (tumor of the adrenal glands that leads to persistent or episodic high blood pressure).
  • Avoid taking timolol, if you are breastfeeding or pregnant.
  • Do not drive or operate machines, as timolol may cause dizziness or tiredness.

Frequently Ask Questions:

Q. Is timolol a beta blocker/selective beta blocker/steroid/generic/antibiotic? Timolol is a beta blocker. It is not a selective beta blocker/steroid/generic/antibiotic.
Q. Is timolol preservative free?The timolol eye drop is preservative free
Q. Is timolol the same as timoptic or cosopt? Timoptic and copsopt are brand names of the eye drops containing timolol.
Q. Does timolol contain sulfa? Does it need to be refrigerated?Timolol should not be used by patients allergic to sulfa drugs. The timolol containing eye drops should not be refrigerated.
Q. Does timolol lower blood pressure? Does it stop growth of hemangiomas?Timolol is used to lower blood pressure. It may be used to stop growth of hemangiomas (only after prescription from the doctor).
Q. Does timolol cause weight gain/hair loss/ miosis/make eyelashes grow/ cause dry eyes/slow heart rate?Timolol does not make eyelashes grow. It is a blood pressure lowering medication. It is not known to cause weight gain/hair loss/miosis. It may cause dry eyes/slow heart rate as a side effect. If any side effects of the drug are observed then one should inform the doctor immediately.
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